How a Solar Cell Works: Photon Simulation
The purpose of this activity is to simulate the movement of electrons at the p-n junction to create an electrical current. Students will play a modified game of musical chairs, where teams will compete against each other while creating their own electricity. By participating in the activity, students will be able to “see” how electricity is created in a photovoltaic (PV) cell at the atomic level. In order to understand how electrons are dislodged by the sun’s rays to create electricity, students will simulate electron movement through an electric field to deposit electricity into an external load.